Types and Causes of Edentulism

An individual with no teeth, or partial numbers of teeth, is known as edentulism as explained by a cosmetic dentistry in Alexandria, Virginia. Since it can be difficult to properly chew and eat food when you lose your teeth, this disorder can have negative consequences on your health. The vulnerability arises from the fact that it predominantly affects adults and people who are 60 years old and older in the United States. American College of Prosthodontics claims that roughly 36 million Americans live with the issue. Young kids of toddlers’ age might contract edentulism in just a few 3% of instances if they do not keep dental cleanliness regular. This essay will discuss the causes and types of edentulism. 

Types of Edentulism

Two principal forms of edentulism can identify any individual – partial and full. 

  • Partial: A patient with partial edentulism does not have some of the natural teeth. People tend to lose their teeth partially more frequently on the maxillary jaw than on the mandibular one. 
  • Full: Those who have full edentulism have lost all of their teeth. Four categories of full edentulism are divided according to diagnostic findings.

Reasons and risk factors

Edentulism may have a variety of causes and risk reasons; the most habitual are identified below.

Gum Disease: Oral hygiene, brushing, and flossing one’s teeth frequently are critical to maintaining oral health hygiene. Tooth decay, also known as dental caries, may develop rapidly, allowing germs to attack from the gum line to the tooth root. This may be due to heartburn. It promotes gum disease when the germs breed in the pit. Gradually, the gums may stop functioning effectively, allowing the teeth to fall out or fracture. Gums that are not taken seriously for extended periods may trigger partial tooth loss, bone damage, or other conditions. Gum infection can greatly reduce one’s quality of life and be a considerable danger to one’s oral and general health. 

Accidents: Tooth detachment or susceptibilities can happen abruptly when the tooth is subjected to a substantial harm degree from catching something. Many professional athletes or highly physical fitness competitors have the tooth pulled out. 

Not Having Teeth at Birth: There are two types of dental conditions – anodontia when a person is born without natural teeth, and hypodontia, when someone is just naturally born with several teeth missing. When patients are old enough, it is appropriate to replace the tooth or teeth completely.

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